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Observatorio aragonés para el Sáhara Occidental
(Aragonese Center for Western Sahara)



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(Asturian Center for Human Rights in Western Sahara)



U.N.
UN Organization



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WESTERN SAHARA RESOURCE WATCH



Robert F. Kennedy Center for Justice & Human Rights


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Protetion of Human Rights Defenders



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 ESTATUTOS DE IAJUWS:



CHAPTER I

DENOMINATION, CENTER AND PURPOSES


Article One

In the jurists international meeting, celebrated in Sabadell (Barcelona), it is constituted, in date November, sixteen of thousand nine hundred ninety six, for unanimity of the presents, an Association, non-profit-making, that adopts the denomination of INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF JURISTS FOR WESTERN SAHARA, from now on called only JURISTS FOR SAHARA, and that is ruled by the present Bylaws. The emblem of the Association is the one that appears in the heading of the present sheet of paper.


Article Two

JURISTS FOR SAHARA it is constituted by indeterminate time; your activity is of international area and has his your Center provisionally in Alicante, in place to designating and provisionally in the street Adolfo Muńoz Alonso, nş 12, 2Ş, door 10, in Alicante.


Article Three

JURISTS FOR SAHARA it is an association independent from any state, political, religious or economic organization, submitted only in his action to criteria of scientific nature and of legality.


Article Four

The objectives of Jurists for SAHARA:

a) Support the Peace Process and the implementation of the Peace Plan of the UN and the AU, resolutions adopted at the 658 and 690 of the Security Council of UN on Western Sahara.

b) Supporting the claims of the Sahrawi people in achieving their right to self determination.

c) Defending Human Rights in Western Sahara and the saharawi cause prisoners, denouncing violations by Morocco in the occupied areas and to investigate the disappearance of hundreds of sahrawi since the start of the war in 1975.

d) Denunciate the adoption of third-country economic agreements with Morocco on Western Sahara's natural wealth, both during the conflict.

e) Promote activities aimed at achieving the above objectives and recognition of the Saharawi State of the States of the International Community, and friendship and cooperation between them.


Article Five

To achieve its objectives, shall Jurists for SAHARA:

a) Developing the teaching on the content and application of the principles of International Law, especially the right to self-determination of peoples and the UN resolutions consistent.

b) Driving the creation of any court, to appreciate, trying and convicting those responsible for violations of International Law or Human Rights in Western Sahara, and its perpetrators.

c) Promoting and supporting the study of legal issues related to the Conflict in Western Sahara.

d) Encouraging publication of periodicals for keeping the information and the union between the partners and the jurists community.

e) Developing relationships with organizations whose aims are similar or closely resembling the scope of their activities.

f) Making available to the media reference materials suitable for the proper handling of the case concerning the Western Sahara Conflict.

g) Exercising appropriate legal action.

h) And through all activities within existing legislation, tending directly or indirectly, to better achieve its objectives.


CHAPTER II

THE PARTNERS


Article Six

JURISTS FOR SAHARA consists of individual members or groups.


Article Seven

One. They can be individual members, besides the founders, few lawyers and law students, whatever their nationality, encourage writing and agree the objectives and means of JURISTS FOR SAHARA, and non-lawyers who so request and that the Secretary-General has decided to admit, taking into account the applicants' contribution to these objectives.

Two. General partners are associations and organizations, with or without legal status, national or international, who so declare, and whose stated objectives and activities are consistent with the purposes of JURISTS FOR SAHARA and with these Regulations.

Three. They can be partners in national governments or any of the institutions directly dependent on those, except the universities.

Four. The general partners will be admitted provisionally by the Secretary-General until the final decision of the International Council.


Article Eight

One. The rights of the partners:

a) Participate in activities that promote JURISTS FOR SAHARA.

b) Exercising the right to speak and vote at General Meetings.

c) Being nominated for the organs of JURISTS FOR SAHARA, in the manner provided for in the Statutes.

d) Have knowledge of the resolutions adopted by the governing .

e) Having a copy of the statutes.

f) Inquire about the statement of income and expenditure of JURISTS FOR SAHARA.

Two. The obligations of the partners:

a) Obey these statutes and agreements validly adopted by the organs of Jurists for SAHARA.

b) To pay the fees to be agreed.

c) Faithfully perform the duties inherent in the position to exercise.

Three. The General Assembly and the International Council may appoint HONORARY MEMBER to people who, on their merits, are deemed entitled to such decision.


Article Nine

The quality of partner ceases written statement of the party or expulsion by the General Assembly upon the proposal of the International Council and based on serious incompatibility between the acts of the partner and the purpose or the Statute of JURISTS FOR SAHARA.


CHAPTER III

BODIES


Article ten

The bodies of JURISTS FOR SAHARA are the General Assembly (Asamblea General), the International Council (Consejo Internacional) and the Council Auditor (Consejo Auditor).


Article eleven

One. The General Assembly, composed of all members, is the highest organ of Jurists for SAHARA, each partner singular vote, regardless of how many members it represents.

Two. Shall normally meet once a year to:

a) To approve the general plan of action of Jurists for SAHARA.

b) Adopt, where appropriate, managing the International Council and Tax.

c) Adopt, where appropriate, annual budgets of income and expenditure and statement of accounts for the previous year.

d)Give an account of work done, share experiences and information and strengthen the bonds between partners.

e) Design the following year's activities.

Three. Its President is appointed at the beginning of the session and remains in office until replaced.

Four. The General Assembly shall meet in extraordinary session when so resolved by the International Council in regard to the matters to be discussed.

Five. Notice of ordinary or extraordinary General Assemblies shall be in writing, stating the place, date and time of the meeting and the Agenda

Six. General Assemblies, both ordinary and extraordinary, shall be validly constituted on first call to them where there are present or represented, the majority of partners and, on second call, irrespective of the number of concurrent partners.

Seven. The resolutions of the General Assembly adopted by majority vote and be reflected in the Minutes of Meetings.


Article twelve

The International Council is the executive body of Jurists for SAHARA, and consists of at least five individual members and always in odd number, of whom one shall be President, one Secretary General and others, Vocals.


Article Thirteen

One. The International Council is elected from the list submitted to the General Assembly, which will refer specifically to the candidate for Secretary General.

Two. The President of the International Council is the president of Jurists for SAHARA, and is elected by the remaining members of Council.


Article Fourteen

One. International Council is responsible for such acts permitted by the Constitution, necessary for achieving the goals of Jurists for Sahara.

Two. To which shall meet at least twice a year, allowing their skills between sessions, to be divided by sectors and distributed among its members.

Article Fifteen

One. Responsibility of the Secretary General to implement the agreements of the International Council, perform all necessary acts of the administrative and financial activity, and provide administrative support to specific activities of Jurists for Sahara, as instructed by the International Council.

Two. Responsibility of the Secretary General to direct the staff, facilities and ensure the remaining assets, maintain the bond between partners and represent Jurists for SAHARA in court and outside it. This representation can be transferred by the International Council for concrete action to any other of its members.

Article Sixteenth

Jurists for SAHARA is forced by the signature of the Secretary General of the acts of ordinary administration and the signature of at least three members of the International Council, including the Secretary General or delegated powers agreed by the Council itself, in the devices or acts of extraordinary administration.

Article Seventeenth

The Auditing Council consists of three individual members elected by the General Assembly. Formalize the annual budget of income and expenditure and statement of accounts of the previous year, to be submitted to the International Council for the latter, in turn, subject to the approval of the General Assembly.

CHAPTER IV

INTERNATIONAL STRUCTURE


Article Eighteen

Taking JURISTS FOR SAHARA international and global vocation, be organized in an institutional structure able to achieve its goals, notably through the establishment of Regional Sections, National or State with structure adapted to the political and legal reality that is inserted or delegations specially designed to represent Jurists for SAHARA before any entities or building sections.

Article Nineteenth

One. Where there was no proper representation Jurists for SAHARA through the sections or delegations, may be established collective agreements with partners that have structure in the area for such a representation by committee.

Two. Conversely, you can Jurists for SAHARA representing general partners in areas where they do not have their own representation, or a member of any organizations or associations, corresponding to the International Council decision.

CHAPTER V

HERITAGE AND FINANCIAL ADMINISTRATION


Article Twenty

Jurists for Sahara may have their own assets, consisting of movable or immovable property of any kind, located in territories of any state.

Jurists for SAHARA foundation has assets valued at one hundred thousand pesetas

Article Twenty-one

One. Income will JURIST FOR SAHARA the contributions from members, donations or grants from individuals or legal persons of any nationality, legacies and bequests or the income from their property and the fruits of their activities.

Two. Responsibility of the Secretary General, under the terms of these statutes, financial management and heritage of Jurists for Sahara, according to the instructions and deliberations of the International Council.

CHAPTER VI

THE DISSOLUTION OF THE ASSOCIATION


Article Twenty-second

One. The Association will be dissolved if agreed by the General Assembly convened expressly for that purpose with extraordinary character.

Two. In case of dissolution of the Association, the General Assembly agreed that it will appoint a Liquidation Committee, comprising five members, which shall provide the funds which exist so that, once satisfied the obligations, the balance, if any, to be delivered to any legally constituted entity that engages in the same or similar purposes for the Association.

Three. Association members are exempt from personal responsibility. Their liability is limited to the obligations that they have entered into voluntarily.

Four. The functions of settlement and implementation of the agreements referred to above, shall be the responsibility of the International Council if the General Assembly has not conferred such a task to a mission that purpose specially appointed Liquidator.







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